Comparison of the characteristics of induced and spontaneous db/db mouse models of type 2 diabetes mellitus
Received:August 08, 2014  
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DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-4847.2014.06.010
KeyWord:Type;2;diabetes;mellitus;Induced;mouse;model;db/db;mice;Cytokines
           
AuthorInstitution
刘芳 上海市公共卫生临床中心, 上海
杨华 上海市公共卫生临床中心, 上海
周文江 上海市公共卫生临床中心, 上海 ;复旦大学药学院, 上海
周晓辉 上海市公共卫生临床中心, 上海
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Abstract:
      Object To establish an induced mouse model of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and compare it with db/db mouse model of spontaneous type 2 diabetes. To evaluate the two mouse models objectively, and provide an experimental basis for the choice of animal model and its practical application in diabetes studies. Methods A mouse model of induced type 2 diabetes was established by feeding C57BL/6J mice with high-fat and high-sugar diet for four weeks and taking daily intraperitoneal injections of streptozotocin (STZ) for consecutive 3 days. Four weeks after infection, the gross appearance of kidney and liver of the mice was assessed, glucose tolerance was tested, serum biochemical indices and expression of serum IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-17, and IL-10 were assayed, and were compared with those of the db/db mouse models of spontaneous type 2 diabetes. Results Obvious differences were found in the kidneys and liver gross appearance of the two types of mouse models and the control group. Both the two groups showed significant differences in the blood glucose levels at each time point (P<0.05) and low glucose tolerance function, but there were no significant differences in blood glucose levels of the two types of mouse models. Compared with the control group, the serum biochemical indices GLU, GHOL and LDLC of the two types of mouse models were significantly increased (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the blood lipid level of the mouse model of induced type 2 diabetes was higher than that of the db/db mouse models of spontaneous type 2 diabetes. In comparison of immune indices, except IL-2,the serum cytokine levels of the two types of mouse models were significantly higher than those of the control group (P<0.05). Moreover, the serum cytokine levels of db/db mice were higher than those in the mouse models of induced type 2 diabetes, and the IL-6, IFN-γ, TNF-α also had obvious differences. Conclusions Both the two types of mouse models of type 2 diabetes successfully simulate the human diabetes to some extent, but there are still certain differences according to different etiology of diabetes. We would suggest that people may take our data as reference and chose appropriate mouse models according to the requirement of their research.
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