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庞琳琳,张会永,杨关林.巴马小型猪在医学研究中的应用进展[J].中国实验动物学报,2014,22(1):94~98.
巴马小型猪在医学研究中的应用进展
Application of Chinese Bama minipigs in medical research:a literature review
投稿时间:2013-09-30  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-4847.2014.01.020
中文关键词:  小型猪  巴马小型猪  动物模型
英文关键词:Minipigs  Bama minipigs  Animal models
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)资助项目(2013CB531704)。
作者单位E-mail
庞琳琳 辽宁中医药大学, 沈阳 110032  
张会永 辽宁中医药大学附属医院, 沈阳 110032  
杨关林 辽宁中医药大学, 沈阳 110032 yangguanlin945@gmail.com 
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中文摘要:
      广西巴马小型猪作为国内小型猪主要品种之一,具有遗传性稳定、多产、体重较小、体表多覆白毛等特征,组织器官及生化指标与人类相似,已越来越广泛地应用于医学研究领域:猪的心脏解剖与生理特点与人类高度相似,已被广泛应用于心血管系统研究中,在我国,巴马小型猪被用来构建心肌缺血、卵圆孔未闭等心血管疾病模型;猪具有杂食性及与人相似的脂质代谢,可用于研究内分泌疾病,巴马小型猪已用于糖尿病动物模型建立及其遗传易感性、并发症的防治研究等;巴马小型猪的消化系统与人类相似,利用此特点已建立阻塞性慢性胰腺炎、结肠穿孔、胆肠吻合等消化系统疾病模型;巴马小型猪除头、尾外,体表覆以白毛,这一特点使其成为研究皮肤创伤、烧伤修复等的理想动物;小型猪的牙齿解剖结构与人类相似,口裂大,可作为口腔医学研究中的理想动物,巴马小型猪已用来建立牙髓坏死模型及对上颌扩弓方式的研究;类似人的解剖、生理、病理使其成为较为适合的异种移植供体。在中医药研究方面,已用巴马小型猪分别建立了肝脏、脾脏、股动、静脉出血及头颈恶性肿瘤放疗后的腮腺损伤动物模型以研究中药制剂的疗效及机制。
英文摘要:
      As one of the major domestic minipig strains, Guangxi Bama minipigs have the following characteristics: genetic stability, fecund species, lighter weight, large area of body surface covered with white hairs, many tissues and organs and biochemical indicators similar to those of humans and so on. All these characteristics make them being widely applied in medical research. Because of the similar anatomy and physiology in cardiovascular system, Bama minipigs have been used in the research of cardiovascular system. In our country, Bama minipigs are used for establishing models of cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial ischemia, patent foramen ovale and so on. Pigs are omnivore-animals and similar to human beings in lipid metabolism, so they can be used in the study of endocrine diseases. Bama minipigs have been used in modeling, genetic susceptibility and complication prevention of diabetes. Bama mini-pigs' digestive system is similar to that of humans, so they can be used as a model of digestive system diseases including chronic pancreatitis, rupture of colon and bilioenteric anastomosis. The aspect that large area of their body surface is covered with white hairs except their head and tail makes them ideal model of skin wound and healing of burns. Bama minipigs can be used for stomatological research for their similarity to human beings in the structure of the teeth and large crack. Bama minipigs have been applied for the research of pulp necrosis and the way of maxillary expansion. They are similar to human beings in anatomy, physiology and pathology, which makes them an appropriate provider for zenotransplantation. In the research of traditional Chinese medicine, Bama minipigs has been used as liver, spleen and femoral arteriovenous fistula hemorrhagic model to study curative effect and mechanism of traditional Chinese preparation.
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